Olive Fruit Fly – Bactrocera oleae





Face with a dark spot in each antennal furrow. Scutum predominantly orange-brown to black. Humeral lobe pale. Postpronotal lobe without a seta. Scutellum without basal setae. Wing length 4.3- 5.2 mm. Cells bc, c and narrow part of br without extensive covering of microtrichia. Legs yellow to pale. Abdomen orange-brown to black. Tergites 3 & 4 dark laterally & no medial stripe on tergite 4.


Length of 6.5-7 mm and width of 1.2-1.7 mm. Mouth hooks each with short slender curved apical tooth. Abdominal segments 6-8 with ventral spinules but none dorsally or laterally. Anterior spiracles of 8-12 short tubules. Posterior spiracle slits 3.5-4 times as long as broad & spiracular hairs half the length of slit.


Elongated, 0.7 to 1.2 mm long with micropyle slightly protruding. Laid singly below the skin of host fruit.


Everywhere that olives are grown – southern Europe, northern and eastern Africa, the Middle East, India, the United States and Mexico.

Economic Host(s)

Olives (Olea).


Larvae feed internally on the fruiting stage. Puncture marks and exit holes can often be seen.


Generations: Up to 5


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