Pepper Weevil – Anthonomus eugenii

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Description

Adult

Length of 2.0–3.5 mm. Body is dark brown to black, with strongly arched elytra and a long rostrum (snout). The body is clothed in decumbent yellow hair like scales. The antennae are elbowed with a club of 3 segments and all femora bear a small tooth.

Larvae

First instars are ca. 1mm in length while final instars can grow to 5mm. Legless, curved, “C” shaped, and greyish-white to yellow in colour with a pale brown head.

Eggs

White when first deposited and becoming yellow with age. They are oval shaped, 0.53 mm in length and deposited singly beneath the surface of a bud or pod and covered with a gelatinous cap.

Distribution

Central and North America, the Mediterranean region and southern Asia.

Economic Host(s)

Plants of the potato family Solanaceae, especially Peppers (Capsicum species).

Symptoms/Signs

Eggs are laid in small cavities that the female creates beneath buds and in immature fruits. Larvae develop in buds & fruits causing yellowing of leaves, bud & fruit drop and fruit distortion. Adults feed on leaves, creating small circular or oval punctures that resemble slug or caterpillar damage.

Generations:

Generations: 3-5 typically but up to 8 during warm years

Trap

Please visit our Pitfall Trap page for more information

Lure

Two semipermeable sachets